Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea Is a common sexualy transmitted infection STI affecting all genders that can cause an infection in the genitals, rectum, or throat. Gonorrhea can be spread through oral, vaginal, or anal sex with an individual who has gonorrhea. Pregnant woman can also transmit gonorrhea to their children during childbirth. To lower the chance of infection, keep sexual partners to a minimum and practice safe sex, such as using a condom properly, to avoid infections. The CDC recommends any men who have sex with other men and women sexually active under the age of 25 should be tested for gonorrhea every year and be open with healthcare providers about sex and chance for infection.

Those infected with gonorrhea may notice a burning when urinating and colored discharge. Men may not show symptoms but may have the prior two as well as swollen testicles. Women may not show any signs are symptoms and even with symptoms it may be misdiagnosed as a bladder or vaginal infection. Included in the list above, women may also experience bleeding between periods. In both sexes, a rectal infection may include discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding, and painful bowel movements.

If left untreated gonorrhea can cause health problems in everyone.

  • In the uterus. gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) that can cause formation of scar tissue that blocks the fallopian tubes; ectopic pregnancy; long-term pelvic pain.
  • In testicles, gonorrhea can cause a painful condition in the tubes leading to the testicles and has the chance to sterilize the testicles. In rare conditions gonorrhea can spread to the blood or joints, leading to a life-threating infection.  

If there is a possibility for infection or signs and symptoms appear, testing is relatively easy and can be done through a urine test or swabbing the affect area. Once identified treatment is usually an antibiotic, however new drug resistant forms are gonorrhea are becoming prevalent. New antibiotics are being used and depending on the strand of gonorrhea there are different antibiotics that have been used. It is important to notify any sexual partners and recommended the get tested and start antibiotics as well. Even without an infection doctors may start partners are antibiotics as well to ensure the infection stops.

Resources

CDC. (2014, January 29). Std facts – gonorrhea. Retrieved March 15, 2021, from https://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrhea.htm

MFMER. (2019, December 06). Gonorrhea. Retrieved March 15, 2021, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gonorrhea/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351780

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